Make a list of the
people who have truly made a difference in your lives.
In a large part we
are the person we are due to the people we relate to in
The summary of the second
table of the Law is that we love our neighbors as
- NAB Matthew 22:39
"The second is like it, 'YOU SHALL LOVE YOUR
NEIGHBOR AS YOURSELF.'
- NAB Matthew 5:44
"But I say to you, love your enemies and pray for
those who persecute you,
So, as we saw illustrated
above, we learn that God has created human beings to be
creatures in relationship to one another. And the
defining aspect of that relationship is love. Ortega Y.
Gassett once said "I am myself and my circumstances." In
other words, we make our lives together. God desires
that we make them together with love.
Commandment: A healthy relationship with family and
The fourth commandment
tells us we should honor our father and mother as long
as we live.
Luther explains that this
commandment means that we should not despise or anger
our parents and other authorities but rather honor,
serve, obey, love, and cherish them.
So we are not to anger
our parents or authorities by disobedience.
- NAB Proverbs 23:22
Listen to your father who begot you, And do not
despise your mother when she is old.
- NAB Romans 13:2
Therefore whoever resists authority has opposed the
ordinance of God; and they who have opposed will
receive condemnation upon themselves.
- NAB Colossians 3:20
Children, be obedient to your parents in all things,
for this is well-pleasing to the Lord.
Instead, we should honor our parents and
authorities as Godís representatives.
- NAB Ephesians 6:2
HONOR YOUR FATHER AND MOTHER (which is the first
commandment with a promise), 3 SO THAT IT MAY BE
WELL WITH YOU, AND THAT YOU MAY LIVE LONG ON THE
- NAB Romans 13:7
Render to all what is due them: tax to whom tax
is due; custom to whom custom; fear to whom
fear; honor to whom honor.
The Fifth Commandment:
Respect for otherís lives
This commandment tells us
we should not kill.
This means that we should
not hurt or harm our neighbor in any way but rather help
- NAB Matthew 5:21 "
You have heard that the ancients were told, 'YOU
SHALL NOT COMMIT MURDER' and 'Whoever commits murder
shall be liable to the court.' 22 "But I say to you
that everyone who is angry with his brother shall be
guilty before the court; and whoever says to his
brother, 'You good-for-nothing,' shall be guilty
before the supreme court; and whoever says, 'You
fool,' shall be guilty enough to go into the
- NAB 1 John 3:15
Everyone who hates his brother is a murderer; and
you know that no murderer has eternal life abiding
What about abortion?
Some passages to think
- NAB Jeremiah 1:5
"Before I formed you in the womb I knew you, And
before you were born I consecrated you; I have
appointed you a prophet to the nations."
- NAB Psalm 139:16
Your eyes have seen my unformed substance; And in
Your book were all written The days that were
ordained for me, When as yet there was not
one of them.
- NAB Luke 1:41 When
Elizabeth heard Mary's greeting, the baby leaped in
her womb; and Elizabeth was filled with the Holy
Spirit. 42 And she cried out with a loud voice and
said, "Blessed are you among women, and
blessed is the fruit of your womb! 43 "And
how has it happened to me, that the mother of
my Lord would come to me? 44 "For behold, when the
sound of your greeting reached my ears, the baby
leaped in my womb for joy.
What about Euthanasia?
Some passages to think
- NAB Proverbs 6:16
There are six things which the LORD hates, Yes,
seven which are an abomination to Him: 17 Haughty
eyes, a lying tongue, And hands that shed innocent
- NAB Proverbs 31:8
Open your mouth for the mute, For the rights of all
- NAB Acts 17:25 nor
is He served by human hands, as though He needed
anything, since He Himself gives to all people
life and breath and all things;
What about suicide?
Some passages to think about?
- NAB Jeremiah 31:3 The LORD
appeared to him from afar, saying, "I have loved you
with an everlasting love; Therefore I have drawn you
- NAB Luke 12:22 And He said
to His disciples, "For this reason I say to you, do
not worry about your life, as to what you will eat;
nor for your body, as to what you will put on.
Can the government take a life as punishment for a
Lawful government, Godís
representative, may execute criminals and fight just
- NAB Romans 13:4 for
it is a minister of God to you for good. But if you
do what is evil, be afraid; for it does not bear the
sword for nothing; for it is a minister of God, an
avenger who brings wrath on the one who practices
Instead of becoming angry
with others, it is better for our lives if we are
merciful, kind, and forgiving of one another. This is
the command of God.
- NAB Ephesians 4:32
Be kind to one another, tender-hearted, forgiving
each other, just as God in Christ also has forgiven
The Sixth Commandment -- Purity in the
relationship of marriage
God commands that we do
not commit adultery. This means we should lead sexually
pure and decent lives and love and honor our spouse.
God gave sexuality as an
aspect of human relationships as a gift. It is a gift
shared by one man and one woman within the confines of
- NAB Mark 10:6 "But
from the beginning of creation, God MADE THEM
MALE AND FEMALE. 7 "FOR THIS REASON A MAN SHALL
LEAVE HIS FATHER AND MOTHER, 8 AND THE TWO SHALL
BECOME ONE FLESH; so they are no longer two, but one
flesh. 9 "What therefore God has joined together,
let no man separate."
- NAB Hebrews 13:14
For here we do not have a lasting city, but we are
seeking the city which is to come.
The world tries to entice
people into going beyond these God given boundaries to
sexuality. But Godís command is clear.
- NAB Titus 2:11 For
the grace of God has appeared, bringing salvation to
all men, 12 instructing us to deny ungodliness and
worldly desires and to live sensibly, righteously
and godly in the present age,
- NAB Romans 1:26 For
this reason God gave them over to degrading
passions; for their women exchanged the natural
function for that which is unnatural, 27 and in the
same way also the men abandoned the natural function
of the woman and burned in their desire toward one
another, men with men committing indecent acts and
receiving in their own persons the due penalty of
Sin has corrupted the human nature and
much damage is done by sexual sin. Rape, incest, sexual
child abuse, obscenity, pornography, unwanted pregnancy,
transmission of disease, etc.
This sin, like all sin,
before it becomes action, is given birth to in the human
heart from our desires.
- NAB Matthew 5:28 but
I say to you that everyone who looks at a woman with
lust for her has already committed adultery with her
in his heart.
- NAB Matthew 15:19
"For out of the heart come evil thoughts, murders,
adulteries, fornications, thefts, false witness,
God tells us to keep a
pure heart so that we have healthy and decent lives.
- NAB Philippians 4:8
Finally, brethren, whatever is true, whatever is
honorable, whatever is right, whatever is pure,
whatever is lovely, whatever is of good repute, if
there is any excellence and if anything worthy of
praise, dwell on these things.
- NAB Ephesians 5:3
But immorality or any impurity or greed must not
even be named among you, as is proper among saints;
4 and there must be no filthiness and silly
talk, or coarse jesting, which are not fitting, but
rather giving of thanks.
Married people are to honor one another.
God forbids divorce except for unfaithfulness in
marriage, either adultery or desertion. Rather each is
to love and care for one another as Godís gift.
- NAB Matthew 19:9
"And I say to you, whoever divorces his wife, except
for immorality, and marries another woman commits
- NAB 1 Corinthians
7:15 Yet if the unbelieving one leaves, let him
leave; the brother or the sister is not under
bondage in such cases, but God has called us
- NAB Ephesians 5:21
and be subject to one another in the fear of Christ.
22 Wives, be subject to your own husbands, as
to the Lord. 23 For the husband is the head of the
wife, as Christ also is the head of the church, He
Himself being the Savior of the body. &ldots;
25 Husbands, love your wives, just as Christ also
loved the church and gave Himself up for her,
The Seventh Commandment: caring for
others regarding their possessions
God commands, you shall
not steal. This means we should not try to get othersí
money or possession by any dishonest way, but help them
to improve them.
- NAB Leviticus 19:35
'You shall do no wrong in judgment, in measurement
of weight, or capacity.
- NAB Ephesians 4:28
He who steals must steal no longer; but rather he
must labor, performing with his own hands what is
good, so that he will have something to share
with one who has need.
- NAB Philippians 2:4
do not merely look out for your own personal
interests, but also for the interests of others.
- NAB 1 John 3:17 But
whoever has the world's goods, and sees his brother
in need and closes his heart against him, how does
the love of God abide in him?
The Eight Commandment:
Caring about otherís reputations
God commands that we do
not speak falsely against our neighbor. This means we
should not tell lies about others, slander them, hurt
their reputation, but rather we should defend and speak
well of them, explaining everything in the best possible
- NAB Proverbs 19:5 A
false witness will not go unpunished, And he who
tells lies will not escape.
- NAB Ephesians 4:25
Therefore, laying aside falsehood, SPEAK TRUTH EACH
ONE OF YOU WITH HIS NEIGHBOR, for we are
members of one another.
When someone tells us a
secret we should not betray that secret.
- NAB Proverbs 11:3
The integrity of the upright will guide them, But
the crookedness of the treacherous will destroy
Neither should we gather
into groups to speak badly of others. God does not want
us to hurt others by what we say about them.
- NAB Matthew 18:15
"If your brother sins, go and show him his fault in
private; if he listens to you, you have won your
- NAB Luke 6:37 "Do
not judge, and you will not be judged; and do not
condemn, and you will not be condemned; pardon, and
you will be pardoned.
God wants us rather to
speak up and defend others. Remember, love one another
as you love yourself.
- NAB Proverbs 31:8
Open your mouth for the mute, For the rights of all
the unfortunate. 9 Open your mouth, judge
righteously, And defend the rights of the afflicted
- NAB 1 Corinthians
13:7 bears all things, believes all things, hopes
all things, endures all things.
The Ninth and Tenth Commandments:
healthy attitudes toward others and what God has blessed
God says we should not
covet. Either our neighbors home, wife, servants,
animals, or anything which belongs to someone else.
We saw before that before
sin becomes action, it starts in the heart. Greed and
envy is the cause of much sin that harms others and
- NAB Luke 12:15 Then
He said to them, "Beware, and be on your guard
against every form of greed; for not even
when one has an abundance does his life consist of
God wants us to
understand that coveting is unhealthy. It is an attitude
produced by the sinful condition of our heart.
- NAB James 1:14 But
each one is tempted when he is carried away and
enticed by his own lust. 15 Then when lust has
conceived, it gives birth to sin; and when sin is
accomplished, it brings forth death.
God would rather that we have good and
healthy lives and to keep our thoughts clean.
- NAB Psalm 119:35
Make me walk in the path of Your commandments, For I
delight in it. 36 Incline my heart to Your
testimonies And not to dishonest gain.
But I cannot keep all these
Your right. Because of
our sin we cannot keep the commandments.
- NAB Psalm 14:3 They
have all turned aside, together they have become
corrupt; There is no one who does good, not even
- NAB 1 John 1:8 If we
say that we have no sin, we are deceiving ourselves
and the truth is not in us.
Sin is born from the
corruption of the human heart that all people are born
with because it is inherited from our first parents,
Adam and Eve. This corruption gives birth to actual
- NAB Psalm 51:5
Behold, I was brought forth in iniquity, And in sin
my mother conceived me.
- NAB Romans 5:19 For
as through the one man's disobedience the many were
made sinners, even so through the obedience of the
One the many will be made righteous.
- NAB James 1:15 Then
when lust has conceived, it gives birth to sin; and
when sin is accomplished, it brings forth death.
Only Jesus has kept the
law perfectly. Jesus offered Himself on the cross to die
for our sins so that we might be forgiven. The way to
heaven is not through keeping the commandments of God
perfectly. The way to heaven is through Jesus Christ and
His mercy, the salvation He gives us through His death.
- NAB Romans 1:16 For
I am not ashamed of the gospel, for it is the power
of God for salvation to everyone who believes, to
the Jew first and also to the Greek.
- NAB Romans 10:4 For
Christ is the end of the law for righteousness to
everyone who believes.
- NAB Romans 3:21 But
now apart from the Law the righteousness of
God has been manifested, being witnessed by the Law
and the Prophets, 22 even the righteousness
of God through faith in Jesus Christ for all those
who believe; for there is no distinction; 23 for all
have sinned and fall short of the glory of God, 24
being justified as a gift by His grace through the
redemption which is in Christ Jesus; 25 whom God
displayed publicly as a propitiation in His blood
through faith. This was to demonstrate His
righteousness, because in the forbearance of God He
passed over the sins previously committed;
Does that mean we can
continue to sin?
- NAB Romans 6:1 What
shall we say then? Are we to continue in sin so that
grace may increase? 2 May it never be! How shall we
who died to sin still live in it?
When Christ gives us
forgiveness, He gives us a new life as well. That is a
life not dominated by sin which damages us but rather is
filled with grace which fills us with love which makes
our relationships with God and others what they should
have been before the damaging corruption of sin was
brought into the world.
God continues to speak
His law to us. He has three reasons for doing so.
1. To give guidance to
authorities about how to curb the sinfulness of people
so as to minimize the damage that sin does in society.
- NAB 1 Timothy 1:9
realizing the fact that law is not made for a
righteous person, but for those who are lawless and
rebellious, for the ungodly and sinners, for the
unholy and profane, for those who kill their fathers
or mothers, for murderers
2. To show us the truth about ourselves
so that we have no false idea that we might be able to
keep the law well enough to make our own way to heaven.
- NAB Romans 3:20
because by the works of the Law no flesh will be
justified in His sight; for through the Law comes
the knowledge of sin.
3. To give the Christian a guide for
healthy living now that His relationship with God is
restored and the Holy Spirit is working in Him to make
His relationship with God and others more healthy and
- NAB Psalm 119:105
Your word is a lamp to my feet And a light to my
- NAB 1 John 4:9 By
this the love of God was manifested in us, that God
has sent His only begotten Son into the world so
that we might live through Him. &. . . ; 11 Beloved,
if God so loved us, we also ought to love one
Rev. David D. Reedy, 1999-2005